Support

Vector control programs are established to manage mosquito populations and support healthy and comfortable communities. The "Get the Upper Hand on Mosquitoes" campaign offers additional resources and support to mosquito control professionals and public health officials, to educate the general public and keep them informed on mosquito information, potential treatments in the area and more. With this awareness campaign, your local mosquito control professionals can focus their efforts on eliminating more potential breeding areas and effectively treating existing issues, to create a better community for all.

Mosquito Abatement Districts (MADs)

These organizations coordinate mosquito surveillance and control activities, such as spraying, and provide public education about reducing local mosquito populations and protecting against potential mosquito breeding sites.

Public Health Officials (PHOs)

These health experts in communities across the U.S. are responsible for identifying and preventing disease outbreaks—including mosquito-borne diseases—and for responding with appropriate measures when outbreaks occur.

Learning

A comprehensive, successful mosquito control program is an ongoing effort. Mosquitoes develop in four stages: egg, larva, pupa and adult. An Integrated Mosquito Management (IMM) program is used to control mosquitoes throughout the life cycle.

Mosquito Larva

Larvicides

To prevent future mosquito populations, larvicides are applied directly to water sources to disrupt the life cycle and stunt development.

Mosquito Larva

Ready-to-use products, such as Altosid® PRO-G, are ideal for standing water sites in your backyard. This granular product is designed with a shaker top, making for quick and easy applications to stop mosquito larvae from becoming breeding, biting adults.

Adult Mosquito

Adulticides

To control biting adult mosquitoes, adulticides are used to immediately kill the pests, relieving the community of heavy infestations.

Awareness

Mosquitoes pick up and carry disease pathogens, such as Zika and West Nile Virus, and transmit them from person to person through their bites.

You and your family—particularly the very young, the elderly and those with chronic diseases—could be at risk from the following mosquito-borne illnesses here in the U.S.:

WEST NILE VIRUS

Only 1 in 5 people infected with West Nile will have any symptoms, such as fever, headache, joint and body aches, vomiting or rash. However, about 1% of those infected will develop a serious neurological illness such as encephalitis or meningitis, which can lead to paralysis, death or other long-term effects.

ZIKA VIRUS

This emerging threat only sickens about 20% of those infected. Common symptoms are fever, rash, joint pain or conjunctivitis (red eyes). In pregnant women infected, however, scientists are investigating the connection between Zika and serious birth defects.

Dengue

Symptoms of Dengue can include high fever, serious headache or joint, muscle or eye pain, mild bleeding of gums or nose or easy bruising. Severe cases can progress to serious bleeding issues, including vomiting blood.

CHIKUNGUNYA

Most people infected with Chikungunya will develop symptoms such as fever and joint pain, headache, muscle pain, joint swelling, or rash. While the disease rarely results in death, symptoms can be severe and disabling.

ST. LOUIS ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS

Most infected by SLEV have no symptoms; others may experience fever, headache, nausea, vomiting, and tiredness. Though rare, inflammation of the brain can occur, particularly in older adults, and may result in long-term disability or death.

EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS (EEEV)

Most infected with EEEV do not become ill, but those who do experience sudden headache, high fever, chills and vomiting; this can progress into disorientation, seizures or coma, with approximately 33% mortality and significant brain damage in most survivors.

Prevention

AND…there are important things you can do to help protect yourself and your family from mosquito-borne diseases...



Source Reduction

Mosquitoes need standing water to breed. These preventative measures, including eliminating potential breeding sites, are critical to curbing mosquito populations.

  • Dispose of any unnecessary containers or debris around your home that can collect water
  • Change the water on a weekly basis in receptacles that need it, such as birdbaths or wading pools
  • Fill in tree rot holes, hollow stumps and natural land depressions that hold shallow water
  • Clean clogged roof gutters

Contact a MAD in your Area

MAD

Health Office

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